Nissan Terrano 2 with 1985 on 1999
1. The maintenance instruction and to maintenance service
2. Car maintenance service
3. Четырехцилиндровыв engines
4. Engines VS
5. All engines
6. Systems of cooling, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning
7. Fuel and exhaust systems
8. System of an electric equipment of the engine
9. System of decrease in toxicity of exhaust gases
10. A mechanical transmission
11. Automatic transmissions
12. Coupling карданный a shaft and the back bridge
13. A running gear of cars with the wheel formula 4x4
14. Brake system
15. Suspension brackets and a steering
16. A body and furnish elements
16.1. Specifications
16.2. Care of loops and locks
16.3. A windscreen and motionless glasses of a body - replacement
16.4. Bumpers - removal and installation
16.5. A forward lattice - removal and installation
16.6. A forward apron - removal and installation
16.7. An air inlet lattice - removal and installation
16.8. A forward wing - removal and installation
16.9. Cowl adjustment
16.10. A cowl - removal and installation
16.11. Cowl locks - removal and installation.
16.12. A cable of a drive of the lock of a cowl - removal and installation
16.13. A back cover - removal and installation
16.14. The lock of a back cover and a drive cable - removal and installation
16.15. The internal panel of a door - removal and installation
16.16. Door glass and стеклоподъемник - removal and installation
16.17. A door-lock and handles - removal and installation
16.18. A door - removal and installation
16.19. A window leaf of lateral glass - removal and installation
16.20. Seats - removal and installation
16.21. Seat belts - the general data
16.22. The central section - removal and installation
17. Electric equipment system
 







16-1-tekhnicheskie-dannye.html

16.1. Specifications

The inhaling moments (Н.м. |
Bolts of fastening of an arm of a bumper
Till 1990
20
Since 1991
32-40
Bolts of fastening of a bumper to an arm
Till 1990
20
Since 1991
11-15
Fastening bolts
Cowl loops to a body
Till 1990
5
Since 1991
5,5-7
Bolts of fastening of door loops
17-25
Bolts of fastening of seats
17-25
Bolts of fastening of belts to a body
25-32
Bolts of fastening of loops of a back cover
Till 1990
17
Since 1991
18-2,5
Nut of a back cover
18-25

Body - maintenance service and repair
1. The condition in which there is a body of your car, is very important, because its cost depends on it in the big degree at resale. It is much more difficult to repair the started or damaged body, than mechanical parts. The latent cavities of a body, such as niches of wheels, a frame and a motor compartment also are important not less in spite of the fact that they do not demand frequent attention, as other parts of a body.
2. Once a year, or each 20 Open Companies of km, the bottom of a body by means of steam is very useful to clear. All traces of a dirt and oil will be removed, and after this area it will be possible to check up on presence of the rust, the damaged brake highways, the worn out electric wires, the damaged ropes and so on. In the end of this work it is necessary to grease components of a forward suspension bracket.
3. Simultaneously clear the engine and a motor compartment with the help пароочистителя or adaptations for greasing removal.
4. The special attention is necessary for turning on niches of wheels as the substrate can exfoliate, both stones and a dirt, thrown out by wheels, can damage a paint and allow to appear to a rust. If you have found out a rust, smooth out the damaged surface to the metal and put on it an anticorrosive paint.
5. It is necessary to wash a body, at least, once a week. Carefully wet the car to soften a dirt, and then смойте it by means of a soft sponge and a considerable quantity of soap water. If carefully not to wash off a dirt, it can erase a paint.
6. Tar or bitumen stains are necessary for clearing by means of a fabric moistened in solvent.
7. At least, each six months polish a body and the chromeplated details. If you use a cleaner for the chromeplated parts to remove a rust from details with гальванопокрытием, remember that the cleaner also deletes honour of chrome so use it cautiously.
Vinyl furnish - maintenance service and repair
Never clear vinyl furnish with the help washing-up liquids, каустическим soap or cleaners on the basis of kerosene. Simple soap, and water work simply perfectly well, and a soft brush it is possible to remove an inveterate dirt easily. Wash vinyl furnish also often, as well as all car.
After clearing application of high-quality protective means for rubber and vinyl surfaces will help to avoid oxidation and occurrence of cracks. Protective means can also is put on уплотнители glasses, vacuum highways and rubber hoses which often fail as a result of chemical destruction, and also on tyres.
Upholstery and rugs - leaving
1. Each three months remove rugs and clear the car inside (if it is necessary, do it more often). A vacuum cleaner clear an upholstery and rugs to remove the remained dirt and a dust.
2. The leather upholstery demands special attention. Stains, it is necessary to delete warm water and very soft soap solution. Take advantage of pure rags to remove soap, and then again wipe an upholstery dry trja-pkoj. Never use spirit, gasoline, a liquid for removal of a varnish or a thinner for clearing to-zhanoj an upholstery.
3. After clearing regularly process a leather upholstery special wax. Never use automobile wax for polishing of a leather upholstery.
4. There, where the car interior is exposed дей ствию solar beams, close leather seats sheets if the car is left on the sun during any time.
Body repair - insignificant damages
Repair of small scratches
1. If the scratch superficial also does not mention me-tall a body, repair is very simple. Slightly rub the scratched surface with thin polishing structure to remove a friable paint and wax. Wash out a surface pure water.
2. Put a paint for подкрашивания on a scratch by means of a small brush. Continue to put
Thin paint coats until the paint completely will not fill a scratch. Allow to a new paint to dry up, at least, within two weeks, and then mix it with surrounding paint, заполировав the painted area by means of thin polishing structure. And, at last, put the top layer of wax on the scratched surface.
3. If the scratch has got through a paint and has damaged body metal, having caused rust occurrence, it is necessary to apply other procedure of repair. Remove a rust from the basis of a scratch by means of a pocket knife, and then put an anticorrosive paint to prevent rust occurrence in the future. Having taken advantage rubber or nylon аппликатором, cover the scratched area with a glaze (a glaze - a translucent paint layer). Before the glaze in a scratch will harden, place a piece of a smooth cotton fabric round a finger-tip. Ship a fabric in a thinner, and then quickly spend it round a scratch surface. It will help you will be convinced that a glaze surface slightly hollow. Now it is possible to paint over a scratch as it has been described earlier in this section.

Attention!
If it is necessary, the glaze can be mixed with a thinner to prepare very thin putty which is ideally suited for filling of narrow scratches.

Repair of dents
4. During carrying out of repair of dents the first that it is necessary to make, it to correct a dent that the damaged place was as is possible more close to the initial form. There is no sense to try to restore completely the initial form as metal in the damaged place is stretched, and it cannot be restored to an initial contour. It is better to level a dent so that its level was approximately on 3 mm below level of surrounding metal.
5. In a case if the dent very small, in general is not present sense it to level.

Attention!
Strongly keep wooden брусок from a metal underside to absorb blows of a hammer and to prevent a metal stretching.

6. If the dent is in such part of a body which has a double layer, or something else does impossible access from within, it is necessary to apply other procedure. Drill some small apertures in metal in the damaged surface, mainly in the deepest parts. Screw in long, self-cut screws in apertures so that they have entered into strong gearing with metal. Now it is possible to correct a dent, having pulled for acting heads of screws by means of flat-nose pliers.
7. The following stage of repair this removal of a paint from the damaged surface and from surrounding metal approximately on 2,5 see It becomes by means of a wire brush or a disk for the polishing, put on a drill, however with not smaller efficiency it can be made manually by means of an emery paper. To finish preparations to шпатлевке, smooth out a screw-driver or a file a surface of the bared metal, or drill small apertures in the damaged area. It will provide good coupling of metal and a glaze. To finish repair, the subsection on filling and painting more low in the given chapter See.
Repairing of apertures from a rust or cracks
8. Remove all paint from the damaged surface and from surrounding metal in radius approximately 2,5 sm, having taken advantage of an emery paper or the wire brush, put on a drill. If they are inaccessible, this work can be made manually by means of several sheets of an emery paper.
9. Having peeled the paint, you can define degree of corrosion and solve, whether replace the whole panel or if it is possible, to repair the damaged surface. New panels of a body are not too expensive, as many people think, and very often much faster to establish the new panel, than to repair the big surface damaged by a rust.
10. Remove all parts of decorative furnish from the damaged area, except for what operate as the directing initial form of the damaged body of the car, such as the headlight case, and so on. Having taken advantage of scissors on metal or ножовочным a cloth, remove all damaged metal, and also any other metal on which there are rust traces. A hammer bend aperture edges inside to create small dredging for a filling material.
11. A wire brush smooth out the damaged surface to remove порошкообразную a rust from a metal surface. If there is an access to a back part of a rusty surface, cover with its anticorrosive paint.
12. Before definitive заделкой закупорьте in any way an aperture. It can be made by means of a tin, приклепанной or screwed in in an aperture, or establish in an aperture a wire grid.
13. When the aperture will be corked, the damaged area can be filled and painted over. The following subsection on filling and painting see.
Filling and painting
14. Now наполнителей the considerable quantity is accessible to body repair, however, to tell the truth, a set of details for body repair in which there is a filling paste, and a tube of a hardener of polymers is better approaches for carrying out of repair work. For you it will be necessary wide flexible plastic or nylon аппликатор for surface alignment шпатлевки. Mix a mix small amount шпатлевки on a pure wooden plate or картонке (economically spending a hardener). Follow instructions of manufacturers on packing, differently шпатлевка will harden incorrectly.
15. Using аппликатор, put filling paste on the prepared surface. Spend аппликатором on a surface шпатлевки to reach a contour and to balance a surface шпатлевки. When initial level and a contour will be reached, stop work with paste. If you continue, paste will stick to аппликатору. Continue to put thin layers of paste with 20-minute intervals while level шпатлевки will precisely not correspond to level of surrounding metal.
16. When шпатлевка will harden, its surplus can be removed by means of a file. Further it is necessary to use an emery paper, gradually increasing its granularity, having begun with a paper with an indicator of granularity of 180 units and having finished a waterproof paper with an indicator of granularity of 600 units. Always reel up an emery paper on rubber or wooden брусок, differently the surface шпатлевки will not be completely flat. During surface polishing шпатлевки with an indicator of granularity of 600 units it is necessary to moisten a waterproof emery paper periodically in water. It will help to reach very smooth surface.
17. Now the ring of naked metal which, in turn, should be surrounded by the good intact facet should surround repair area. Wash out area of repair by water until all dust which has remained after polishing, will not be removed.
18. On all smoothed out surface apply a thin film фунтового coverings. It will help to find out all defects on a surface шпатлевки. Correct the found out defects by means of fresh шпатлевки or las-sirovki and once again smooth out a surface an emery paper. Repeat procedure of drawing of a first coat and шпатлевки until then, пака you will not be satisfied by quality of a surface шпатлевки and paint edges. Wash out a surface pure water and allow to it to dry up completely.
1Э. Now the repair area is ready to painting. Colouring by dispersion is necessary for carrying out at warm, dry, windless weather when in air there will be no dust. These conditions can be reached, if you have an access to the big industrial premise. However if you have to work in the open air, to choose day of painting it is necessary very carefully. If you work indoors, sprinkle water the priest. It will help you to beat a dust which differently can rise in air. If the repair area is on one panel of a body, close all surrounding panels. It will help you to minimise small discrepancy in colour paints. Decorative details of furnish, such as and so on, also it is necessary to disguise or remove chromic overlays, door handles. For masking take advantage of a sticky tape and several layers of a paper.
20. Before dispersion carefully shake up a paint, and then be trained to spray it to learn to do it correctly. Put a thick layer of a first coat on a repaired surface. It is better to put some thin layers, than one thick. By means of an emery paper with granularity of 600 units smooth out a first coat surface until it does not become very smooth. During carrying out of this operation the processed surface should be moistened with water carefully. The emery paper also is necessary for lowering periodically in water. Allow to a first coat to dry up before drawing of additional layers.
21. Spray a paint on top sing, increasing its thickness by drawing of several layers. Start to spray a paint from the centre of repaired area, and then, using circular motions, process all repaired surface, and also approximately 5 sm of a surrounding paint. Remove all masking material in 10-15 minutes after drawing of last paint coat. Allow to a new paint to dry up, at least, two weeks, and then by means of very thin grinding structure make imperceptible transition from a new paint to initial. In work end put a wax layer.
Body repair - considerable damages
1. Considerable damages of a body are necessary for repairing at servicing deports on which there is an equipment for кузовного repair.
2. If extensive damages take place, it is necessary to check up body geometry. They also can affect characteristics of driving or lead to that other components will faster wear out.
3.5 Bumpers of cars of 1986-88



3. That all basic components of a body (a cowl, wings, etc.) represent separate elements with which it is possible to replace, is better to result their replacement, instead of repair. Sometimes demanded details can be found in shops on sale of second-hand spare parts that is much cheaper, than purchase of the new.


«The previous page
16. A body and furnish elements
The following page»
16.2. Care of loops and locks